What is the CMS system? | What are its types?
If you want to manage your website, you don’t need to have advanced programming knowledge or fluent HTML. You also don’t need to install specialized software. All you need is a link, log in, and password to the so-called content management system, i.e. the CMS system. Do you want to know what it is used for? We will tell you how CMS works and what its types are. Welcome!
What is CMS?
CMS abbreviation comes from the English name Content Management System, which in translation means Content Management System. It is software that anyone can access. It is used to self-publish content on websites, modify or organize them.
There are different types of CMS, but the pattern of their operation is similar. Open the dedicated page in your browser, use your own password and login and log in to the administration panel, and then … edit, delete and change the page as you like.
The administration panel of CMS systems allows you to edit content. Usually, you should spend some time learning about its operation, but in most cases using it is quite intuitive. Usually, on the left side of the screen, there is a control panel whose sections correspond to the sections on the website. For example: create articles, categories, media, menus, modules. Thanks to this, you can add entries to the company blog, change the content of product descriptions, update the offer, manage the newsletter, operate the online store, and add photos, tables, and animations
Two basic types of CMS systems
All CMS systems can be divided into 2 general categories. These are proprietary and Open Source systems:
- No possibility to use the help of another interactive agency. When choosing a proprietary CMS system, we are forced to use the services of only the agency that created it.
- Poor security against hacker attacks. Unfortunately, several dozens of people work on proprietary systems and this is definitely too little to sufficiently protect the site against external attacks.
- PRICE – don’t know why proprietary CMSs are definitely more expensive than e.g. open-source solutions.
2. Open Source – this category includes CMS systems made available to users free of charge. Their advantage is easy availability, as well as the ability to install add-ons (so-called plugins that allow access to new functionalities) or use updates. We write more about the benefits of open source CMS systems in this article.
The world’s most popular open-source CMS systems are WordPress, Joomla! And Drupal. We look at these and several other systems below.
Which system should you choose?
In addition to the mentioned systems (WordPress, Joomla! Drupal), software such as Typo3 and Quick.cms have also gained popularity. Some of them are easy to use even for laymen, others require gaining knowledge and experience. Check what all platforms have to offer:
WordPress is the most popular CMS system in the world and in Poland. Works best for creating and maintaining uncomplicated websites or blogs. It is characterized by a very large selection of templates, themes, and plugins. At the same time, the need to install a large number of plugins to expand the site is a downside of WordPress.
The disadvantage of this system are also protections that do not always fulfill their functions (to increase the level of security, you must again resort to the appropriate plugs). However, the biggest disadvantage of WordPress is that it doesn’t allow you to create websites that are very complex. Rather, it is suitable for uncomplicated projects.
This system takes 2nd place in popularity rankings. However, he was chosen (for the third year in a row) the best open source CMS system, which you can read about here.
Joomla! Is a system much more complex than WordPress, and the admin panel may seem less intuitive to some, but don’t be discouraged! Why? Because this system gives access to a large information base, numerous tutorials and a large community (discussion forums). In addition, a large number of functions are available (which do not appear in other systems), as well as 64 language versions (including Polish).
Some agencies designing websites in the Joomla! CMS system creates dedicated manuals for managing Joomla. We are one of such agencies.
The big advantage of the Joomla! Is its optimization for search engines? Thanks to this there is a high probability that the site built on Joomla! Will be commercially successful, i.e. it will position well on Google.
This system is more advanced than the previous ones, which affects both its advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, it allows you to introduce interesting functions and gives you a lot of possibilities in modifying and managing content, and can also be used for complex websites.
On the other hand, it’s not as easy to use as it is with WordPress or Joomla! – at least basic knowledge of PHP, CSS or HTML is required.
Its support is comparable to WordPress or Joomla!, And its use – comprehensive. It can be used to create blogs, simple pages or complex websites. The downside of this system is the low availability of plugins compared to other software.
This system allows you to handle different types of pages – from simple business cards to advanced services. Enables the use of sections such as discussion forums and large photo galleries. Unfortunately, for people who do not have programming knowledge, its operation may be too complicated.
Thanks to CMS systems, content management is easy, effective and available to everyone. You can make any updates and improvements yourself and at any time, thanks to which your site may become more popular and its position, e.g. in Google rankings, will increase.
In addition, you don’t have to explore programming knowledge, learn the secrets known only to programming masters, and learn HTML. Managing your own site, thanks to the administration panel, becomes much easier.
It is impossible not to mention the easy availability of CMS systems, a large number of templates and plugins, and low (or zero) service.
All this means that website administration is available to both professionals and people who had nothing to do with programming before.